Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG):
The surgery reroutes, or bypasses, blood around clogged arteries to improve blood flow and oxygen to the heart.
- Traditional: A surgeon will make an incision down the center of your sternum (breastbone) to get direct access to your heart. You are connected to a heart-lung bypass machine, which allows for the circulation of blood throughout the body during surgery. The heart is stopped, and the surgeon then performs the bypass procedure. After surgery, the surgeon closes the breastbone with special sternal wires and the chest with special internal or traditional external stitches.
- Off pump: Allows surgeons to perform surgery on the heart while it is still beating. The surgeon uses advanced operating equipment to stabilize portions of the heart and to bypass the blocked artery in a highly controlled operative environment. Meanwhile, the rest of the heart keeps pumping and circulating blood to the body.
- Endoscopic vein harvesting: Minimally invasive procedure to remove the saphenous vein (which is used as a bypass graft) from the leg.
Valve Surgery (Aortic, Mitral, Tricuspid):
- Valve repair: Mending of a patient’s own valve to help it work better. A man-made ring may be sewn around the opening of the valve to tighten it. Other parts of the valve may be cut, shortened, separated, or strengthened to help the valve open and close better.
- Valve replacement: Surgical replacement of a damaged valve due to stenosis (when the valve does not open fully) or insufficiency, also called regurgitation (when the valve does not close tightly). Four different types of valve replacement may be done depending on patient’s age, lifestyle, health and life expectancy.
Hybrid Maze Procedure:
Minimally invasive surgical intervention that cures atrial fibrillation by interrupting the circular electrical patterns responsible for this arrhythmia.
Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm:
Localized expansion of the aorta wall.
- Lung resection: Surgery to repair or remove a portion of the lung
- Lung biopsy: Removal of a small portion of the lung to check for disease
- Mediastinoscopy: An instrument is inserted into the neck to help a surgeon better see the structure of the lungs.
- Lung pleurodesis: A procedure to adhere the membranes around the lung together to prevent the buildup of fluid between tissue
- Lung decortication: Surgical peeling of the lining of the lung to improve lung expansion
- Bleb resection/stapling: Stapling of a bubble on the lung surface to prevent leakage and improve lung function
- Pericardial window: An opening made between the ribs to drain fluid that has accumulated around the heart
- Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS): Surgery on the lungs performed with the aid of an endoscope
- VATS sympathectomy for hyperhidrosis (sweaty palm disease): During a thoracoscopic sympathectomy, a surgeon severs and seals the right-hand side of the sympathetic nerve